4 Ways to Grow Pineapple Plants
Learn how to grow a pineapple plant in your yard or in a pot.
Pineapple Growing in Garden
A small pineapple grows from a plant stalk in a garden.
Photo by: Maiapassarak/Shutterstock
If you want to grow your own pineapples, there are three ways to get started. The first is to purchase a pineapple plant and grow it until it produces fruit. Second, you could try starting the plants from seed. The third and cheapest, easiest way to produce your own pineapple is to start it from the green top of a fresh pineapple.
Buying a Pineapple Plant
Pineapple plants may be available in your local garden center or there are also sources online. When growing pineapples, remember that their roots do not like to stay wet. In fact they like similar soil conditions as cacti: well drained and on the dry side, but with an acidic pH of 4.5-6.5. To determine when to water, the soil should be dry and you should check inside the junctions where the leaves meet the plant. If there is water in those little pockets then skip watering. If there is no water, then water over the top of the plant. Fertilize monthly with a balanced liquid fertilizer (5-5-5, 10-10-10, etc.) mixed according to the manufacturer’s directions, and showered over the plant just like a normal watering.
Photo by: Shutterstock/EQRoy
Starting Pineapples From Seed
To start a pineapple from seed, you will first have to obtain the seed. Occasionally there will be seeds in a store-bought pineapple. Buy a yellow-ripe fruit. As you cut the fruit, look for the small black seeds about three-eighths of an inch in from the outside edge. Rinse the seeds. Germinate the seeds by lightly wrapping them in a wet paper towel and placing it in a plastic zipper bag. Keep the bag in a constantly warm (65-75 degrees) place. It takes about six months for the seeds to sprout, at which time the baby plants can be carefully planted in temporary growing containers (1-2 quart size) where they can be babied until they are large enough to plant in the garden or a permanent larger pot.
Growing Plants From Produce Scraps
How to Propagate Vegetables
9 Plants You Can Start From Kitchen Scraps
Starting Pineapple From a Cutting
Starting a pineapple from a green top is possibly the cheapest and easiest way to begin. Buy a well ripened fruit with the healthiest looking top you can find. Some rough leaves are okay, but try to find the best one of the lot. Simply remove the top by grasping the fruit in one hand and the top in the other and twisting it off in one steady motion (like wringing out a towel). Remove the lower half dozen leaves or so from the bottom of the green shoot, then set it aside and allow it to “cure,” or dry out, for about a week. Plant the cured pineapple top in a 8 or 10″ pot filled with a coarse potting mix, and fertilize it with a balanced liquid fertilizer (shower the liquid right over the top).
How to Grow a Pineapple Plant Outdoors
Pineapple plants require a bit of space. If grown in the ground, allow five feet between plants. In containers, whether inside or out, three to five feet will be good. They also grow best in lots of sun (at least 6 hours). For indoor growers, consider moving the pots outside until freezing temperatures threaten, then moving indoors to the brightest spot in the house (a south facing window is best). Pineapples can reliably be grown outdoors in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 11-12.
Regardless of how it was started, a pineapple plant matures at between two and three years of age when it will bear its first fruit. Afterward, it can fruit another time or two at roughly two year intervals before the plant “wears out.” However, a pineapple in its productive years may “sucker,” providing yet more opportunities to start new plants. Suckers are baby plants that can form below the soil, between the leaves or along the flower stalk either below or from the side of the fruit. Any of these suckers may be removed from the parent plant to start new pineapples.
Growing a pineapple is easy but takes patience. HGTV shares how to grow a pineapple plant from a cutting or in a container for the indoors and outside.
Grow Plants from Seed
10 step on how to grow your very own pineapples from any store bought pineapple.
Start by removing the outer skin of your store bought pineapple. The seeds are close to the skin so avoid cutting to deep.
The seeds are easy to miss since they are very tiny, about 1mm. So look very carefully. Check the removed skin and the exposed fruit flesh for any seeds.
If you still have no found any seeds then try cutting 1 cm deeper and keep checking for seeds.
Congratulations on finding some seeds. Now put the seeds together with some fruitflesh and pineapple juice in a container. Let the container sitt in a warm and sunny place to ferment for about 1-2 weeks.
Remove your seeds from the container with the fermented fruitflesh and place them on a clean paper towel.
Now add some water to the paper towel and place it inside a new container with a lid. Again place the box inside a sunny and warm place. Check for signs of germination at least once a week.
With some luck your seeds should have germinated successfully. once they have grown to about 1 cm tall, you should carefully lift up the paper which the seeds are resting on. Place some dirt underneath the paper and the sprinkle some dirt on top and around your pineapple plant. Place the plant in a sunny window.
A few weeks later when your plant has grown a little bigger. It is finally time to move the plant over to a bigger pot. Try to move the plant without damaging the roots if possible. You can try using a spoon to dig around it.
Grow your very own pineapple bush from any store-bought pineapple. Grow your favorite pineapple in any container or outside. Or learn how to grow many other types of plants with our easy to understand guides.