5 Common LSD Myths Debunked
Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital.
There are a lot of misconceptions out there about acid, or lysergic acid (LSD). For example, some claim that LSD can make you a better person or that orange juice can help stop an acid trip. Here, you’ll find out the real answers as we debunk five of the most commonly cited myths about LSD.
Myth: Dropping Acid Will Make You a Better Person
Widespread propaganda during the 1960s promoted the use of acid to supposedly make people more spiritually aware, loving, and of higher consciousness. Many authors still promote this myth.
Truth: Many people report pleasant experiences on LSD, and even attribute great insights to the drug. Perhaps more importantly, there are many reports of the exact opposite happening. After taking LSD, people have been found to develop mental and emotional difficulties.
In fact, LSD is more likely to alienate you from other people and muddle your mental and emotional understanding than to lead you to a superior level of consciousness.
Myth: A Friend or Guide Can Prevent You From Having a Bad Trip
Well-meaning proponents of LSD have promoted the idea that having a friend or “guide” with you while you are on LSD will prevent you from experiencing a bad trip. The claim: a grounded, intuitive, and open-minded person can say just the right thing or support you in just the way you need to ensure you have a marvelous time on LSD.
Truth: While having a supportive friend can often help with a bad trip, even people who have experience with LSD and training in psychotherapy are sometimes unable to prevent others from having a negative reaction to the drug.
Friends can easily be perceived as enemies by someone experiencing paranoia while they are tripping. And there are plenty of examples of people having bad trips while in the company of those who care about them.
Myth: Orange Juice or Vitamin C Will Stop a Trip
Many people believe that a few gulps of orange juice are all it takes to cut out the effects of LSD.
Truth: By the time the LSD takes effect, your body has already metabolized the drug. The trip is actually the after-effects on your brain, and any improvements felt from drinking orange juice are a placebo effect, or simply the calming effect on the body from taking a drink.
Myth: Once You Take Acid, It Never Leaves Your Body
A myth sometimes circulated on the drugs scene is that LSD is permanently stored in the body. A version of this myth is that LSD is stored in the spinal fluid and never leaves the body. The entire amount of LSD ever taken by an individual can be released at any time in their life, putting them back into an uncontrollable trip.
Truth: While flashbacks can occur after taking LSD, this is not the result of the release of the drug. In fact, LSD is an unstable drug, which breaks down easily and passes through the body quickly.
Myth: Acid Is the Key to Unlocking the Unconscious Mind
Many people who take LSD believe that acid unlocks your awareness of your unconscious, giving you access to repressed material from your past and revealing hidden truths about yourself and about humanity.
Truth: Taking LSD might get you thinking about things in a way you haven’t thought of before, but it does not give you a key to the inner workings of your mind. Acid is just as likely to get you thinking about things that have no basis in reality as uncovering hidden truths.
And just because you have taken LSD and thought about your past, it doesn’t mean you know or understand everything that has happened to you.
If you or a loved one are struggling with substance use or addiction, contact the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) National Helpline at 1-800-662-4357 for information on support and treatment facilities in your area.
For more mental health resources, see our National Helpline Database.
There are a lot of misconceptions out there about acid, or lysergic acid (LSD). Get the truth behind 5 commonly held myths about LSD.
LSD and a terrifying fling with ‘ego death’ nearly ruined a Sydney teen’s life
For one 17-year-old who experimented with a double dose of LSD, the experience was so bad it nearly shattered his life.
By Andrew McMillen
Save articles for later
Add articles to your saved list and come back to them any time.
Tom* closes his eyes, settles back on his bed, breathes in the aromatherapy oil he’s burning and listens to psychedelic trance while waiting for the onset of the trip from the LSD he’s just swallowed. It’s 8pm on a Friday night this year, he’s home alone in the sanctuary of his bedroom and he tells himself that this is his reward for finishing his exams (except for business studies, which he doesn’t care about). Within moments, the 17-year-old’s heart rate goes up, butterflies flutter in his stomach and waves of colour dance across his field of vision, regardless of whether he closes or opens his eyes. This is the fifth time he’s taken the hallucinogen, the first four with no unpleasant side effects, so he’s trying a double dose to see whether the sensations become more intense.
Tom takes precautions: he uses a drug-testing kit he bought from a “hippie store” near his house to make sure the drug is LSD rather than a more risky synthetic alternative. He cuts a tiny sliver from one of the tabs and drops it into a glass tube containing a small amount of liquid. He watches as the sample reacts to the chemicals, turning dark purple, indicating its purity. Satisfied, Tom eats four tiny pieces of LSD-soaked blotting paper known as “tabs”.
Research from Imperial College London, showing how, with eyes-closed, much more of the brain contributes to the visual experience under LSD (above) than under placebo (top). Credit: Imperial College London
The trip starts well, reaching an idyllic plateau, but the come-up keeps climbing – and with it, his anxiety. He doesn’t hear his dad Karl* unexpectedly arrive home and climb the stairs. Sitting at his desk, Tom is so shocked when his dad opens his bedroom door that he can barely speak and doesn’t make eye contact. So odd is his behaviour that his father imagines he’s walked in on his son masturbating. Embarrassed, he bids his son good night – he’s off to meet Tom’s mum Jasmine* at a fund-raising dinner across town – and closes the door.
Tom is alone again, and the drug’s effects continue to intensify. Trying to counteract the restlessness he’s feeling, he walks onto the second-floor balcony off his bedroom and paces up and down. By now losing his sense of reality, Tom tries talking to himself in a bid to sort out the strange thoughts invading his mind. “Who’s doing this to you?” he asks, raising his voice. “Who’s doing this?”
Henry Kwan, 17, fell to his death at his home in Killara after taking a synthetic hallucinogen that was sold to him as LSD.
Neighbours hear this bizarre phrase ringing out from the balcony. At first, they don’t associate the deep voice with Tom: it sounds almost Satanic. In the darkness, they can faintly see a figure pacing back and forth. They call out, asking if he’s all right. Well-known as an early morning runner, and well-liked as a trusted babysitter to several families in this quiet, affluent neighbourhood in Sydney’s north where he’s spent most of his life, Tom is clearly not himself. The family cats are howling, too, apparently as disturbed by his behaviour as the onlookers.
From the balcony, Tom scampers up onto the tiled roof, but loses his footing. A round, wooden table in the front yard breaks his fall not far from the edge of the swimming pool. The force of his weight smashes the furniture to pieces but he miraculously avoids serious injury. A concerned neighbour rings 000. Tom may be bleeding, but he’s still got the speed of a cross-country athlete and seemingly superhuman strength, despite his reed-thin frame. He rushes back inside his house, tracking blood through different rooms, before smashing a back fence then running onto the street again, tearing off his clothes.
What happens over the next hour or so – Tom breaking a window of a neighbour’s house, neighbours chasing him, making him even more paranoid and fearful – is a blur. He winds up several streets from home, lying naked in the middle of the road, surrounded by people looking down at him, including two female police officers and paramedics. It takes a few of them to handcuff him.
Hovering not far away is a television news crew, which has received a tip-off about the disturbance. Tom is at risk of having the worst moment of his life spread over the news, but the police are able to keep the media at bay because he’s a minor. All the while, Tom continues to ramble incoherently: “The universe is against us! The universe is against us!”
At the fund-raising dinner which his parents are attending, Karl is perplexed when his phone begins to vibrate during a speech. Jasmine also grabs her phone, which is lighting up with messages from five different neighbours asking her to call them immediately. The couple hurriedly excuse themselves before Jasmine calls a trusted friend. “Tom’s all right,” she’s told. “But you need to go straight to the hospital.” On arrival around midnight, they’re greeted by a sight that haunts all parents: their teenage son unconscious in a hospital bed, covered in dried blood, with plastic tubes snaking out of his mouth and nose.
The outlines of this troubling story were sketched by Jasmine, who emailed me after reading a Good Weekend story of mine from June 3, in which I described my own (largely positive) experience with LSD. “LSD is like a monster in our house, sucking all the potential and opportunity out of my beautiful son… as well as creating massive stress for the entire family,” Jasmine wrote. “Let me tell you from my experience (and by the way, I am no LSD virgin), that for our precious kids, LSD is plain playing with fire. They can’t evaluate the high levels of risk versus the perceived mind ‘expanding’ benefits, and they are basically ending up, for want of a better word, completely f. ed.”
Her email led to me knocking on the door of a beautiful family home on a quiet street in Sydney’s north where Jasmine and Karl live with Tom and their other child. Clouds of fear and anxiety wash across Jasmine’s face as she describes that phone call to her panicked neighbour and the rushed drive to hospital, not yet knowing what she will find on arrival. I can see the embarrassment and regret that Tom relives when telling this story, as he frequently breaks eye contact and looks down at his hands. When the family’s black cat leaps onto the table between us, the pair enjoy the distraction from a difficult conversation. The cat purrs contentedly in Jasmine’s lap as mother and son stroke its dark fur.
But most strikingly of all, what I see inside their home is a clear communication channel between mother and son. Up for frank discussion is a subject that every parent must eventually turn their mind to as they watch their helpless babies grow into confident adolescents: drug use, with all its potential for life-affirming highs or lifealtering pitfalls. Sometimes, the gap between those two possible outcomes is very small indeed. It can be measured in micrograms, and in the marked difference between taking two acid tabs or four.
LSD is like a monster in our house, sucking all the potential and opportunity out of my beautiful son.
Jasmine, Sydney mother
In the weeks leading up to his decision to take LSD home alone that night, Tom was feeling isolated. He had started at a new school that year, and was still searching for his tribe. “My social life wasn’t going heaps well, and I was feeling lonely,” he reflects. “If I had better friends, I wouldn’t have been thinking about this stuff as much. I was thinking, ‘Okay, social stuff’s not going so well: why don’t I explore this kind of stuff?’ ” He had smoked a lot of cannabis in 2016, and left his previous school after an incident involving it; mother and son are both cagey about the specifics, but hint at a “naughty group of friends” with whom Tom now rarely associates.
Last year, after the cannabis incident at school, Jasmine and Tom began attending the Sydney Drug Education and Counselling Centre (SDECC) in Manly. There, in one-on-one counselling for the son, and group sessions for his mother alongside other parents whose children have demonstrated problematic drug use, the two of them began to learn a new language.
For confidentiality reasons, SDECC’s counsellors were unable to talk to Jasmine about what Tom disclosed. She learnt that she needed to remove the safety net of parental concern, and allow her son to make up his own mind about why he used cannabis and whether his usage had become an issue. Tom quickly came to trust his counsellor after it became clear that her room was a non-judgmental space where he could talk frankly without the need to guard or withhold his true feelings.
People of all ages use drugs because they foresee a positive outcome once a particular substance enters their body. Caffeine and alcohol are largely used for their pleasurable effects, and the same is true for those who seek highs from the likes of cannabis and LSD. In the throes of adolescent experimentation, Tom sought to push the boundaries of his psyche that night by taking a double dose.
“Why did you want to do double?” Jasmine asks.
Tom pauses and looks away. “Umm … basically, you go … it’s just a lot more intense,” he says, as his eyes meet his mother’s.
“You go deeper, I guess.” “You assumed you would, because you’d never tried four before, had you?” she queries. “No,” her son replies. “But obviously it’s going to be more intense, because it’s a bigger dose.”
Tom says he was searching for something he’d read about on online forums and seen experienced psychedelic drug users describe on YouTube: “ego death”, as it’s known, occurs when the mind becomes so affected by a mood-altering drug that the user’s sense of self, of identity, disappears. “You” no longer exist.
The teenager found what he was looking for, but also discovered that its effects were deeply unpleasant. “What made me freak out so much on the come-up was that I started questioning my name: ‘Who am I?’ I actually forgot my name. I forgot all my friends. I remember …” He pauses and sighs, trying to find the right words. “My room just looked completely foreign. My room’s my most familiar thing; I spend a lot of time in there, but it just looked totally, totally foreign, because of the visuals and stuff.”
Seeking out ego death is a risky prospect because of the possibility that the individual may be unable to reassemble their identity once the effects of the drug wear off – which usually occurs within 12 hours on LSD, though the duration increases in parallel with dosage. What was intended as a temporary unravelling can become permanent, and the individual’s perception of reality can be altered for the rest of their life. No matter how experienced the LSD user, there is always the possibility – however small – that one trip can change the trajectory of a life by inducing a psychosis or mental disorder that was previously dormant.
Once it became clear that Tom was safe and sound, if deeply embarrassed and regretful, Jasmine found that some local parents managed to beam a few shafts of sunlight through the dark clouds that had engulfed her family. “On the night of the incident, the entire neighbourhood was involved,” she reflects. “Everybody’s been really good and upfront, and people were very accepting. Some of them told me, ‘This is a rite of passage, it’s what kids do, we did it, too.’ ” She pauses, then cracks a smile. “They also told me, ‘Everybody knows, you don’t do it at night! What was he thinking, doing it at night?!’ “
For Tom, that night made him question everything he knew about psychedelic drug use. “My views are a lot more realistic now, in a sense,” he says, while his mother sits beside him, listening. “My first few experiences, after researching psychedelics, the idea of having such a disaster trip never really hit me. I always thought, ‘I can handle myself, I’m responsible,’ or whatever. I felt like I was always in control.”
Tom’s trip could have been so much worse. In June 2013, for instance, a 17-year-old named Henry Kwan took a drug that was sold to him as LSD. The star student was calmly studying at his desk when his mother and 14-year-old sister left the family home in Killara, in Sydney’s north, to go shopping. On their return, they found him acting very strangely and talking nonsense at high speed. After rocking back and forth on the floor in the foetal position, Henry suddenly got up and exclaimed, “I want to fly. I want to fly.” He ran outside, where there was a tense stand-off with his mother and sister that brought neighbours to their windows. The teenager then dived head-first from a third-floor balcony and died on impact.
While under the influence of LSD for the first time with a friend in July 2015, Arthur Cave – the 15-year-old son of Australian singer and songwriter Nick Cave – died after falling 18 metres from a cliff in England. Hours earlier, the teenager had taken a smiling photograph of himself and shared it with friends on Snapchat.
Prior to his third-floor balcony fall, Henry Kwan had taken a synthetic hallucinogen called 25I-NBOMe, which is much stronger than acid. “What we’ve seen over the last five years is people taking NBOMes at very high doses, without realising what they’re taking,” says Dr Monica Barratt, who works on the Drug Policy Modelling program at the University of NSW. “At high doses, NBOMes are actually toxic to the body, and we don’t see that with LSD. That’s one of the reasons why we see the NBOMe series as more dangerous.”
Despite the significant difference in potency between the two, Tom has heard that around here, NBOMe compounds are sometimes “sold as acid, but they’re not. There’s research that two tabs can kill you.”
“Is that what you took?” Jasmine asks, horrified.
“No,” he replies. “I tested it.” “Okay, good,” she says, relieved.
According to the 2017 Global Drug Survey, which was conducted in partnership with harm-reduction groups and international media organisations including Fairfax Media, the typical Australian LSD user who responded to the survey was 20 when they first tried the drug, and were at home with friends when they took it. The most common form of the drug was in tabs, for which they paid $19 each. In this survey, which is not a representative sample, more than three-quarters of the 5700 Australian respondents had used illegal drugs, and about one in three had used them in the past month. Only 12 per cent of Australian respondents to the survey had used LSD, which was less commonly used than cocaine (17 per cent) and MDMA (21 per cent), though more common than magic mushrooms (8 per cent).
Tom’s body bears the marks of his bad trip: the bruises have faded, but he required stitches in six locations on his right side, including his shoulder, hip and glute. “He’s quite disfigured, and it’s unfortunate that it’s on his back,” says Jasmine. “He can’t see it, but I’m reminded of it whenever I see his dark, purple scars.”
The silver lining to this traumatic event is that their relationship has improved. Over a glass of white wine on a Friday afternoon, Jasmine says quietly, “We’re closer now because of it. I feel like I’ve got a much better understanding of his rationale, through the counselling I’ve done. I see a lot of myself in him: I definitely had the reckless drive in me, but I was probably worse than him in a lot of ways. I’ve got more respect for the way he tried to research what he’s done, and put it into place. I was always much more knee-jerk and opportunistic about that stuff.”
During quieter moments, Tom has come to realise how much the incident weighs on his parents. Tom’s father, Karl, remains incredulous about his son’s actions. “I thought I knew him well enough. I wouldn’t have ever imagined that he’d do something like that,” Karl tells me. “It scares me that despite all the conversations we’ve had – about the risks and all those things – that he would still think it’s okay to go ahead and do what he did. That’s the one thing that really rankles me. I think he’s learnt the lesson, I really do. Hopefully when turning 18 or 19, that risk assessment changes, and they’re just not going to do stupid things like that.” He pauses. “But I can relate it to myself. I know I did some dumb things at that age.”
Jasmine has since received phone calls from other parents seeking advice about hard topics of conversation. “People have come out of the woodwork and called on quite a few occasions now, which is nice,” she says. “I just hope I give them the right advice. About drugs, or ‘Oh my god, my kid’s just been caught!’ or whatever. People are reaching out quite a lot, and you feel honoured when somebody does. It’s that old ‘friend in need’ thing.”
What does she tell them? “Don’t freak out, don’t panic, and don’t go into ‘spin mode’,” Jasmine replies, while eying off the black cat as it stalks in the garden. “Just go off, talk to professionals, and let everybody know that you’re talking to professionals. As a parent, you collect horror stories, and we think that by telling them, it’s going to deter the kid. But it’s not. If they want to try something, or do something, they’re just going to go ahead and do it. You’re sort of wasting your breath in a lot of ways.”
Tom still hasn’t hasn’t settled on what career direction he’ll follow, but he knows he wants to be creative. His bedroom is a tidy refuge of colourful artworks, most of them drawn by his own skilled hand with water-based marker pens. After stepping outside onto the balcony, he looks up to clock a brilliant orange sunset that streaks the fading blue canvas. “Oh, cool sky tonight!” he says, grinning, while currawongs sing in the fading light. “That’s neat. We don’t get that sky every night.”
It’s just the two of us here now, while Jasmine is busy in the kitchen preparing to host friends for dinner. Tom strikes me as a smart kid. He’s curious about the world and his place in it. His surfboard and drum kit lie downstairs, while his love of art seems to be the consuming passion. He has a part-time job. He has no shortage of interests, and illicit drugs happened to be one of many until that night. “If I hadn’t had that experience, I think I definitely would have kept up the same attitudes toward it,” he says. “All my other trips had been so fluent; nothing had gone wrong with them.”
As a result of that wake-up call, and of the counselling he received in the aftermath, the LSD “monster” described by his mother has been led back into its cage, willingly. What happened during that trip scared the shit out of Tom. He’s still processing it, and its marks will be branded on his skin for life.
“For the next two years at least, I just want to knuckle down and set up a future,” he says, arms crossed. “I want to have that as my main focus, really. I can’t afford to be doing that kind of stuff.” Some of his friends from his previous school are still smoking pot and “a few other things”, and they’ve tried to push Tom into joining them, like he used to do. He’s resisted their pressure because he’s promised himself he won’t take those risks any more.
When his friends ask him about experimenting with powerful drugs like LSD – as they inevitably will – what will he tell them? “I think I would start off by saying the negatives towards it, and how bad the worst-case scenario actually is. You could die or seriously kill someone else,” Tom says. “It would depend on their approach: if they were asking in a way that indicated they were definitely going to take it, I’d give them my idea of harm reduction, that you’ve got to have someone there with you, and don’t go taking ridiculous doses.” Most importantly, he will tell them to be very, very careful about self-experimentation, because they may not be as lucky as he was.
A bad LSD trip taught one Sydney teenager to think twice about experimenting with drugs.