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How to Make Homemade Cannabis Salve (CBD or THC)

To grow and make your own medicine… that is the stuff that dreams are made of, am I right?! We like to use our organic homegrown cannabis in a variety of ways, but making topical cannabis salve is on the top of the list. Cannabis salve can help to reduce inflammation, soothe skin irritation, joint pain, and more! It also happens to be quite simple to make your own cannabis salve, and easy to customize it to suit your needs.

Read along to learn how to make cannabis salve in 4 simple steps. With this recipe, you can use marijuana, hemp, high CBD, high THC, raw cannabis, decarbed cannabis, or any combination thereof! (Depending on what is legal and available in your area of course.) Let’s talk about benefits of each of those, how cannabis salve works, and what awesome healing potential it has.

Disclosure: This post may contain affiliate links to products for your convenience, such as items on Amazon. Homestead and Chill gains a small commission from purchases made through those links, but at no additional cost to you.

What is Cannabis Salve

Maybe we need to step back a moment. How about, “what is a salve?”. A salve is simply the term for a healing solution that you put on your skin, including creams, ointments, or balms. Generally, salves are fairly thick, shelf-stable, and include nourishing oils such as coconut oil, olive oil, sweet almond oil, or others.

In our cannabis salve recipe, we prefer to use mostly coconut oil, because it is full of saturated fat that binds well with cannabinoids. It is also ultra-moisturizing. We also add a dash of olive oil to increase absorption and smoothness. To learn more about various carrier oils, check out our homemade calendula oil article – where I discuss the pros and cons of a dozen different oil options!

Salves also typically contain waxes or butters to bind the ingredients and make them semi-solid at room temperature. Beeswax is a popular option because it is readily available, easy to work with (especially when purchased in pastilles), and creates perfectly smooth results. See the ingredient list below for recommended vegan substitutions.

When cannabis is added to salve as an ingredient… voila! You’ve got yourself a cannabis salve. The most common way to add cannabis to a salve recipe is to create a cannabis-infused oil first, and then combine the oil with the other salve ingredients.

Therefore, that is exactly what we’re going to do in this recipe: make cannabis oil, and then the salve. But first: “what kind of cannabis should I use in my oil or salve?”

Using Decarboxylated or Raw Cannabis in Salve

How about a little bit of both?

If you aren’t familiar with the term, decarboxylation is the process of heating cannabis at an ideal time and temperature to transform raw cannabinoid compounds from their “acid” form to more active and potent versions. For example, CBDA and THCA are changed into CBD and THC respectively. Decarboxylation naturally occurs when cannabis is smoked or vaporized, but it needs to be accomplished by other means when using cannabis in oil or salves – such as by heating it in the oven. (Read more about decarboxylation here)

The medicinal benefits of decarboxylated THC and CBD are well-documented. Both are anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, high in antioxidants, relieve pain, relax muscles, and suppress tumor growth. This is especially true when they’re used and work together, known as the “entourage effect“. THC is a particularly powerful analgesic (pain-reliever). CBD has even more expansive healing applications, and can help relieve seizures, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriasis. That said, we definitely want to reap those benefits and use decarbed cannabis in this salve recipe!

On the other hand, emerging studies are revealing that raw THCA and CBDA have some pretty groovy perks too. THCA is showing a promising ability to reduce inflammation, muscle spasms, arthritis, and cancer. CBDA also fights inflammation and tumor growth.

Beyond CBD and THC, there are dozens of other compounds found in cannabis that may produce individual, interactive, or synergistic benefits, including phytocannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes. It should be noted that THC is psychoactive and CBD is not, though that doesn’t matter all that much when making a cannabis salve intended for topical use only.

Considering all of this, we like to use both decarbed and raw organic cannabis (containing both THC and CBD) to create a full-spectrum, well-rounded, ultra-healing finished product.

What Can Cannabis Salve Be Used For?

Cannabis salve is stellar at relieving many ailments! First of all, coconut oil and olive oil are extremely nourishing on their own – so you’re going to get plenty of moisture from your salve to heal dry, cracked, or otherwise irritated skin. If you add a few drops of essential oils to your salve, you’ll also get the benefit of aromatherapy.

The healing properties of your homemade cannabis salve may vary slightly depending on what type of cannabis you use. In general, cannabis salve can be used to treat or relieve the following :

  • Psoriasis
  • Eczema
  • Rashes, itching, or other skin irritation
  • General inflammation
  • Sore joints
  • Arthritis
  • Muscle aches
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Irregular cell growth (e.g. skin cancer cells)

Personally, I like to rub a little cannabis salve on my tight and sore neck muscles, shoulders, wrists, knees, elbows, ankles, bottom of my feet, and behind my ears. Hey, all this gardening (and sitting to blog) does a number on my body!

The beneficial effects of various cannabinoids. Chart courtesy of PotGuide

How Does It Work?

Did you know we all have an Endocannabinoid System? Yep. Just like we have an endocrine system, immune system, digestive system, and so on. Our bodies have natural receptors, literally made to interact with cannabinoid compounds. This includes both internal, naturally-synthesized cannabinoids and those from external sources – like those from marijuana or hemp. Neat, huh?

When cannabis salve or medicated topicals are applied to our skin, the THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids present in the solution penetrate the skin to bind and activate our localized endocannabinoid receptors. They won’t enter the bloodstream however, so topically-applied salve will not get you “high”.

HOW TO MAKE HOMEMADE CANNABIS SALVE

Supplies Needed

  • 7-10 grams of decarboxylated cannabis (ground or torn to fairy small pieces). If your cannabis is not yet decarbed, see Step 1 in the instructions below.
  • 1 ½ cups of coconut oil OR, 1 ½ cups of already-infused cannabis coconut oil (*see notes about using different types of oil below)
  • Optional: 5 grams raw cannabis, dried and cured.
  • 1/3 cup olive oil
  • 1/3 cup beeswax pastilles (vegan option: replace with the same amount of organic soy wax, candelilla wax, or carnauba wax)
  • Optional: Essential oils of choice. I like using this certified organic lavender oil. Tea tree, peppermint, rosemary, lemon, or eucalyptus are also great choices!
  • Optional: 1 tablespoon of shea butter or 1 teaspoon of vitamin E oil for additional antioxidants and moisture
  • A double-boiler, or make-shift double boiler – such as a glass pyrex bowl or stainless steel bowl perched on top of a saucepan with water below
  • Cheesecloth (if your cannabis oil is not already made)
  • Mixing bowl
  • Glass jars or salve tins, for storage
  • Recommended: probe thermometer

Makes: Approximately 2 cups (16 ounces) of finished salve

*Notes: If you want to scale this recipe up or down: the general rule of thumb for salve is to use about 1 part of beeswax to 4 or 5 parts oil, including both coconut and olive oil. Since we use virgin coconut oil that is solid at room temperature, we can get away with lesser beeswax and the salve will still set up well. If you use a different carrier oil that is liquid at room temperature, either omit the extra 1/3 cup olive oil mentioned above, or increase the amount of beeswax pastilles to 1/2 cup.

INSTRUCTIONS

Step 1) Decarboxylate Your Cannabis

If you haven’t done so already, the first step is to decarboxylate the cannabis you intend to use in this salve recipe. Or at least some of it, if you want to also use some raw material.

Grind or tear up the cannabis into fairly small pieces. Spread it evenly on a baking sheet, and heat it in the oven on 250°F for 25-30 minutes. Easy, right?

Step 2) Create & Strain Cannabis-Infused Oil

If you tuned into our “How to Make Cannabis Oil” tutorial, you will recognize these steps. The process is virtually the same, except we are going to use slightly more coconut oil here. If you’re interested in making medicated edibles, check out that article!

When making cannabis oil, it is important to not overheat it. Because we are starting with already-decarboxylated cannabis, maintaining a lower temperature will preserve the already-active THC and CBD content as well as the terpenes. Avoid heating it over 200 degrees F. 120 to 180°F is even better.

That is where a double-boiler comes in handy! Even over the lowest flame, heating oil in a pot directly on the stove is much more difficult to prevent overheating, and can create “hot spots” – destroying our precious cannabinoids.

I suggest monitoring the oil temperature with a probe thermometer if possible. Because oils have a higher boiling point (or “smoke point”) than water, the oil will not appear to be as hot as it really is! For example, the oil may be well over 212 degrees but not visibly bubble and boil like water would at the same temperature.

Steps to Make Cannabis-Infused Oil:

  • Add water to the bottom pan of your double-boiler. Now add 1.5 cups of coconut oil to the top section of the double-boiler. Heat until it melts.

Stir in 710 grams of decarboxylated cannabis to the melted oil. Add an optional few grams of raw ground cannabis if you desire.

Continue to heat the cannabis and oil over a low heat for 30 to 60 minutes, stirring occasionally. Use a probe thermometer to check the temperature, and adjust the heat as needed to maintain the oil below 200°F. We aim for a target temperature range of around 130 to 150°F and infuse for one hour.

When the time is up, line a strainer with cheesecloth and position it over a glass bowl. Pour the cannabis and oil mixture through the strainer. Gather the cheesecloth and gently squeeze out the excess oil from the cannabis. Warning: the oil will be hot, and your hands will get greasy! You may want to wear food-grade gloves.

Keep the strained cannabis oil aside for now. It will be added to the salve mixture soon.

Step 3) Mix the Salve Ingredients

Just like the last step, we want to avoid excessively heating the cannabis oil in order to preserve cannabinoids. If you happen to be using solidified cannabis-infused coconut oil that you previously made, I highly suggest mixing everything in a double-boiler once again (since you’ll need to heat it longer and hotter to re-melt your oil).

On the other hand, if you just made your cannabis oil and it is still liquified, you can do this step straight in a pot on the stove – keeping the heat as low as possible once the cannabis coconut oil is added.

In either a pot or double-boiler, add ⅓ cup of beeswax. Heat until it is completely melted. Now turn down the heat to low. Next, stir in 1.5 cups of strained cannabis coconut oil and ⅓ cup olive oil. Now is the time to add the optional vitamin E plus a few drops of optional essential oils as well. Stir until everything looks completely combined. Once it is, quickly remove the liquid salve from the heat and transfer it into your storage containers of choice.

Step 4) Cool & Store

When it is ready, I pour the liquid salve straight into these 2 ounce glass jars, or these 4 ounce glass jars. You can also use these shallow wide aluminum salve tins. The cannabis salve will harden as it cools, and then it is ready to use!

It is best to store your finished cannabis salve in a cool dark location because light degrades cannabinoids. The amber and cobalt jars we use block UV light, which protects the salve if I leave it out.

Note: Sometimes, the surface of the salve may crack just a little bit as it cools. See the photos below. I have found that salve in our 2-ounce glass containers don’t crack, but larger volumes may. This is really only an aesthetic “issue” if you care. Personally, I don’t mind. It disappears as soon as you begin to dig in and use it!

However, some folks may not like the appearance of the cracks – particularly if the cannabis salve is going to be sold or given as a gift. To avoid settling cracks, put the cannabis salve in a mixing bowl before transferring it into a storage container. Allow it to only partially cool and solidify, whip and mix it up, and then pack into your containers.

Step 5) Feel Good

Lather up! Apply a thin, even layer to the affected area. You should start to feel the results within 5 to 20 minutes, depending on the severity of your issue and strength of your salve. Repeat several times per day as needed.

Will this make me smell like weed?

Just slightly! I find our salve to have a mild cannabis odor, but nothing overpowering. The coconut aroma also stands out. If you add essential oils to your recipe, that can also help to mask the smell. I often apply salve after showering (including before going to work) and don’t think there is much of a noticeable odor after a half an hour or so. No one has ever said anything to me at least!

How long does cannabis salve last?

When stored in ideal cool and dark conditions, homemade cannabis salve should last up to a year. The potency will only slightly decrease during this time. I try to use clean hands when I dig into my salve jars, to avoid introducing any contamination that could make it potentially mold or spoil faster. You could also use a salve spoon.

Ready to make your own medicine?

I hope you found this tutorial to be useful, interesting, and informative! I also hope that it helps you soothe your trouble spots, whatever those may be. Finally, please remember to heed caution depending on your local laws, and always be careful with your cannabis products around curious kiddos or pets.

If you enjoy this article, be sure to check out:

Please feel free to ask questions, or spread the love by sharing or pinning this post! Thank you for tuning in.

Learn how to make your own healing cannabis salve, using marijuana or hemp. It helps reduce inflammation, skin irritation, joint pain, psoriasis, & more!

Homemade Cannabis Salve Recipe & Benefits

This page may contain affilliate links, view our full disclosure here.

Learn more about the healing properties of cannabis salves, how they can help to relieve some of the most unwanted symptoms like pain, inflammation, dry skin, itchiness, and how to make your very own cannabis salve recipe at home.

Here is my recommendation for a high-quality cannabis salve product you can purchase.

Homemade Cannabis-Infused Salve

Cannabis products are getting a lot of buzz in both the medical community and the beauty community and for good reason. Medical professionals and scientists are only beginning to uncover the healing properties of this amazing plant.

If you’ve been diagnosed with a skin condition like eczema or psoriasis, or deal with daily pain from inflammatory conditions like arthritis, you may be wondering if cannabis can help.

Read on to learn more about cannabis salves and how they can help to relieve some of your most unwanted symptoms like pain, dry skin, itchiness, and more.

What is a Cannabis Salve?

A salve is an ointment that’s typically used to promote skin healing or applied as a protective measure. They are used topically, which means they’re applied directly to the skin.

Salves can be made of a wide variety of ingredients that nourish our skin and help to moisturize, heal wounds, and protect from further damage.

With that in mind, a cannabis salve is a salve made with cannabis flowers, along with other nourishing ingredients. Cannabis salve can be used in several applications, including localized pain relief, or to help soothe minor burns, insect bites, and abrasions.

You may also see salves labeled as balms, lotions, oils, creams, topicals, but know that these products are all very similar.

CBD is one of many different compounds found in cannabis that is being studied for its benefits, however, the compounds in cannabis are thought to work synergistically, so using a single isolated compound does not have the same effects as a product made with the whole cannabis flower.

What Are the Benefits of Using a Cannabis Salve?

Cannabis salves have many health-promoting benefits. The cannabis plant has been used medicinally for thousands of years so modern-day proponents of medicinal cannabis have lots of history to back them up.

These salves are a great alternative to products containing harsh chemicals or medications, which may have unwanted side effects. Cannabis is so gentle that it’s even used to treat health problems in our pets.

Cannabis salves can provide quick, localized relief for pain, soreness, or swelling. Though people often think of cannabis as an intoxicating substance, these salves will not have any psychoactive effects, because they don’t penetrate your bloodstream.

Instead, the compounds found in cannabis, known as cannabinoids, interact with your body’s endocannabinoid system and slow down pain signals from your brain. Also, some of these cannabinoids act as powerful anti-inflammatories, which means they can bring down swelling and ease itching.

What Conditions is Cannabis Salve Typically Used For?

Cannabis salves can be used to treat a variety of conditions, including:

Cannabis Salve for Arthritis

Arthritis is caused by inflammation in the joints and often causes pain, swelling, stiffness, and soreness. Arthritis usually appears in people over the age of 65 and can limit your range of motion, making it difficult to do things you once loved. Studies show that topical cannabis can help to relieve these symptoms.

Cannabis Salve for Skin Conditions

Millions of people in the US are affected by skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema. Though the causes of these conditions are still not well-understood, some medical professionals believe that they are an immune system reaction. Cannabis is thought to help bolster our immune system, protecting us from disease, while at the same time suppressing unnecessary immune reactions present in auto-immune disorders.

Cannabis Salve for Minor Injuries

Scrapes, burns, abrasions, and insect bites are an annoying but inevitable part of life. The itchiness, stinging and soreness associated with these minor injuries aren’t life-threatening, but it can be distracting. Cannabis is now being studied for its wound-healing properties, which means cannabis salve can help relieve your discomfort.

Homemade Cannabis Salve Recipe

There are a lot of different topical cannabis products available on the market today. They come in a wide variety of strengths, so it might take a little experimentation to find which product works best for your individual needs.

Before choosing a cannabis product, make sure you research the company manufacturing it. Look for information about where the product is sourced, what other ingredients it contains, and if it gets positive reviews from other users.

Additionally, many of my students prefer to make their own homemade cannabis products from the comfort of their own homes so that they can control the type of cannabis flower and other ingredients used.

Salve With Cannabis-Infused Oil

This salve recipe uses this Floral Cannabis-Infused Oil recipe as the base.

If you have access to raw cannabis flower or CBD hemp flower, it is easy to prepare your own at home, and it will allow you to choose which floral botanicals you want for your infusion.

Salve with CBD Concentrate

Having access to raw cannabis flower is not always possible, which is why I included the option to infuse this salve with CBD Concentrate. CBD concentrate is legal in most states and can be purchased online.

CBD concentrate is just that, concentrated CBD oil. In this small syringe, you will get 500mg of activated CBD in just a small 1mL volume. This allows you to create a stronger salve without the excess volume of carrier oil.

500mg Full-Spectrum CBD Concentrate

Cannabis Salve Product Recommendation

Making your own cannabis salve at home isn’t for everyone, which is why I am happy to have created my own cannabis salve product recommendation here, my CBD Recovery Salve.

My salve has been formulated to promote muscle, joint and skin revival – peppermint and tea tree to open the pores, arnica, and lemongrass to provide deep relaxation, beeswax, and full spectrum hemp extract to revive the skin.

With all-natural ingredients, this salve offers revival and recovery – even if you can never stop moving!

Learn more about how cannabis salve can help to relieve pain, inflammation, dry skin, itchiness, and get a cannabis salve recipe to make your own at home.