Micronutrients and Marijuana plants
Micronutrients in marijuana plants
Bud without deficiencies
In this post we’ll focus on the group of micronutrients that marijuana plants need during their whole life cycle, emphasizing on their main functions and explaining how to resolve and prevent the appearing of deficiencies and/or excesses of these micro-elements.
Generally, if you use a substrate suitable for marijuana culture and a balanced fertilizer, your plants shouldn?t have any kind of excess or deficiency, although it?s always better to know about them to prevent further issues.
Micronutrients are those elements that cannabis plants need in small amounts when compared to macronutrients, which are needed in larger amounts. These elements are necessary for a correct development of the plant’s metabolism, since much of their vital functions couldn?t be performed without them.
Zinc deficiency and excess in marijuana plants
Zinc is a necessary element for cannabis plants because it directly interacts in the creation of the chlorophyll. It?s immediately related to the creation of auxins and growth hormones. It must be noticed that the zinc intake depends on the PH level of the substrate and the concentration of other nutrients. For example, a phosphorus excess affects the intake of zinc.
It?s absorbed by the plants in form of bivalent ion (Zn2+ ), being also easily absorbed from the epidermis and the branches. In soils with a very acid PH level, the roots can?t absorb Zinc and transfer it to the above-ground part of the plant, just as happens with substrates exposed to low temperatures and a constant humidity caused by rains.
- A zinc deficiency is detected by observing the appearance of chlorosis on the youngest leaves of the plant. Small dots appear on the borders of the leaves, and the plants suffer a very slow development.
- Abnormalities in the development of the leaves, which lengthen. Internodal distance reduction, the leaves tend to make rosettes.
- To solve a Zinc deficiency we can wash the roots to relieve any type of nutrient lockout caused by another element. Then, use fast-assimilation fertilisers rich in macro and micro-elements.
- If the deficiency is severe, spray zinc on the leaves for a greater assimilation by the plant.
- Zinc excess causes a very rapid death to plants due to its high toxicity. Iron deficiency can also be caused by excess of zinc.
Solution to zinc excess: The solution to zinc excess is washing the roots with water and a flushing product, with stable PH. In this way, we clean the substrate so we can start a slight and complete fertilizing schedule with macro and micro-elements.
Boron deficiency and excess in cannabis plants
Boron and marijuana
Boron is a nutrient necessary for the development of many of the physiological functions of marijuana plants, as the formation of the cell wall. This element moves very difficultly through the plant, so deficiencies can be easily observed in the youngest shoots of the plants. However, when Boron is correctly absorbed the younger leaves have twice the amount of this element than the older ones.
Boron is absorbable by the plant only with a stable PH level from 5.0 to 7.0 points. It helps on the stability of other elements – avoiding for example calcium deficiencies – and contributes hormonal processes, such as bloom and developement of the buds. Female flowers facilitate the entry of pollen, achieving a better pollination and seed production.
The excesses of other nutrients, as in the case of the nitrogen, will cause a Boron lockout that translates into a deficiency of this element, what means that even if there is boron in the substrate, it won’t be available for the plants.
- Abnormal growth of the young shoots, roots become swollen and stop growing. Burn dots on the leaves of the plants that could be confused with the typical heat burns caused by HPS bulbs . It develops necrosis between the veins; roots become soft, thus facilitating the appearance of harmful fungi. Leaves increase in thickness, developing chlorosis and necrosis.
- A high calcium concentration causes calcium borate, hardly absorbable by plants.
- An excess of organic matter causes boron retention in complex forms, which release it very slowly.
- On sandy substrates with abundance of water, a deficiency can appear due to the ease with which boron is washed from the substrate.
- In cases of severe drought these elements rise to the substrate by capillarity towards the surface, what makes them inaccessible for the roots.
- To treat the boron deficiency add a tablespoon of boric acid for every 4 litres of water, or use chelated fertilisers rich in boron.
- An excess of boron causes yellowing of the leaves. The borders turn brown and necrotic, advancing toward the middle of the leaf. There are insecticides which contain high concentrations of boric acid, so avoid spraying these insecticides on the substrate.
Solution to boron excess: To solve the excess, wash the roots with a stable ph of 6.0, using three times the amount of water than the capacity of the plant pot.
Sulphur deficiency and excess in marijuana plants
Sulphur and Marijuana
A sulphur deficiency is very rare in marijuana crops if a balanced substrate is used. Still, it can be common in poor soils.
In the case of a deficiency of this nutrient, we’ll have to make sure that it isn?t a nitrogen deficiency, for it?s very similar in its symptoms: a discoloration/chlorosis of the leaves of the upper part of the plant, which turns yellow. So, an early detection will avoid confusion with a nitrogen deficiency.
As it progresses it can affect at the middle/low part of the plant.
- Leaves acquire a lime green colour, turning yellowish. The youngest leaves are the first ones to be affected. The stems become woody and purple, and it’s followed by an excess of calcium which in turn blocks the absorption of sulphur.
- This sulphur deficiency is solved by watering with a solution rich in sulphur. If the fertilized is chelated, the absorption of this element is much faster and easier.
- A sulphur excess causes slow growth in the plant because the leaves develop muchsmaller, along with chlorosis on the tips and borders if the excess is severe.
Solution to sulphur excess: Wash the soil with triple the amount of water than the capacity of the plant pot, followed by a slight fertilizing, rich in micro and macro-elements.
Manganese deficiency and excess in cannabis
Manganese deficiency in marijuana
Manganese is a micro-element responsible of carrying electrons during the photosynthesis process. Manganese is absorbed by the plant through its leaves and roots, and have the capacity of changing its oxidation state and being able, at the same time, to participate in various enzymatic oxyde reduction processes in charge of facilitating the exchange and transport of ions.
Another of its basic functions is taking part in the photosynthesis process, forming part of a manganese-protein responsible for the photolysis of water and creation of O2. It also takes part in other functions, such as co-factor in enzymatic systems with redox-type reactions, decarboxylation, hydrolysis and energy transference, operating as ion bridge of the ATM (Adenosine Triphosphate, the first energy molecule synthesized by the plant).
It also acts in the nitrate reduction phase as a response from the plant to many of the potentials stresses that may suffer during its growing, such as anoxia (deficiency of oxygen), salt excess, drought or nutrition with excess of ammonia.
- Initially, the deficiency is detected on the youngest leaves, advancing to the older ones, with an almost zero growth and a slow bloom.
- To solve the deficiency , stabilize the PH level of the substrate an water the plants with chelated fertilisers rich in micro elements.
- An excess of manganese acts by creating orange spots on the leaves that turn brown as it progresses. In addition, there will also be a zinc and iron deficiency caused by a nutrient lockout from the excess of manganese.
Solution to the excess: To solve the excess, wash the roots with triple the amount of water than the capacity of the plant pot, with a stable pH level according to the substrate pH.
In this post we explain you the different micro-elements that the plant needs, as well as their role, so you can identify and correct the possible def
Cannabis Nutrition: What are Micronutrients
These nutrients, also known as “trace elements” because of the very small amount of them needed, are essential to the cannabis plant’s growth, just like macronutrients.
And although the amount needed can be 10x lower (or more) than macronutrients, they are crucial in the plant’s development.
1. What Are Micronutrients?
Micronutrients are the minerals essential for plant growth used in lower quantities. Even though they’re needed up to 10x less than macro, micronutrients can also cause symptoms associated to nutrient deficiencies and are extremely important for a plant to grow healthy and produce dense buds.
Micronutrients can be found in tap water. So depending on your source of water, you won’t need to add them individually. Although there’s no way to know exactly unless you measure it with a Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) meter. They are vital for a cannabis plant although they are needed in lower amounts than macronutrients.
Their role is to “support” macronutrients in achieving the needed structure and preparing the plant to successfully go through the flowering stage.
Note : Filtering the water removes every mineral in it, so you will need to add micronutrients to top your feeding solution.
Trace elements are a group of minerals that are needed in almost untraceable amounts. The most common ones are a group of more than 20 and have different roles in a plant’s life cycle. They are:
In combination with Calcium, Boron is essential in the flowering stage, responsible for the division of cells and an important element in the structure of cell walls.
Chlorine is needed in very small amounts and is responsible not only for helping in the opening and closing of the plant’s pores (allowing her to “breath”) it helps the plant to keep the leaves firm and strong.
Copper works as an activator of enzymes. It helps speed up photosynthesis and supports the vascular tissue of cannabis plants.
This mineral is not only responsible for producing energy but it’s also a component in the production of chlorophyll, giving the plant that rich green color.
Manganese is directly related to the health of your plant. This mineral help fight off disease by protecting roots against pathogens and helps with the absorption of nitrogen.
Molybdenum is used in very tiny quantities and it helps in the formation of proteins.
Zinc is also needed in tiny amounts but is very important to cannabis. This mineral helps in the building of growth hormones and is connected to the space between internodes.
3. Recommended Amounts Of Micronutrients
Although they’re needed in super small amounts, the lack of any of these nutrients can cause severe deficiencies and growth problems.
Note : These numbers represent the ppm value for all the cannabis life cycle and should be adjusted according to the signs your plant gives.
4. Overfeeding and Underfeeding
Even though micronutrients are needed in lower amounts, not providing or providing too much of them can cause deficiencies , just like with macronutrients. This is because even though they’re less used, they’re also vital for cannabis plants and they directly support macronutrients in their processes.
It is essential you are aware of which minerals are present in your feeding solution and the amount they’re in.
You should measure your solution and add the missing minerals if you want to grow a 100% healthy plant.
5. In Conclusion
Even though they’re called “micro”, they are just as important as macronutrients. Every grower must make sure their plants receive every mineral they need to grow happy and healthy.
Providing only macronutrients without controlling the micronutrients will result in a weak plant, more susceptible to bugs and pests.
If you want to grow a plant to its full potential, you should provide the proper mix of both micro and macro nutrients.
These nutrients, also known as “trace elements” because of the very small amount of them needed, are essential to the cannabis plant’s growth,