Ozone Generators and Cannabis: Everything You Need to Know
Significantly more potent than chlorine bleach, ozone generators can be used to sterilise an entire grow room in minutes, without any lasting impact to your cannabis plants. The caveat, however, is that several of the disadvantages may outweigh the time saved, especially in a home growing scenario. To find out more, continue reading.
WHAT CAN OZONE DO FOR CANNABIS?
Ozone generators are sophisticated machines that allow the conditions in Earth’s outer ozone layer to be replicated. With the ability to annihilate mould, battle pathogens and sterilise equipment, ozone generators present some distinct benefits.
Even better, ozone generators are becoming more portable, and more importantly—affordable. Now, even the novice home grower can take advantage of the benefits ozone generators provide. The trouble is, however, that the equipment is not without a few risks, and depending on your growing setup, the advantages may not outweigh the disadvantages.
UNDERSTANDING HOW AN OZONE GENERATOR WORKS
Our planet’s ozone layer exists in the stratosphere, roughly 15 to 35 kilometers (9.3 to 21.7 miles) above the surface of the Earth. The purpose of ozone is to capture harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun and prevent them from causing damage. Ozone is made up of three oxygen atoms (O₃). Two of those oxygen atoms form the oxygen that we breathe, and would not be able to survive without. It is the third oxygen atom, the one that can detach itself, that gives ozone some unique properties.
Ozone is an incredibly powerful oxidising agent. Significantly more potent than chlorine bleach, it can be used to remove all manner of free-floating, harmful molecules. This is because the third oxygen atom leaves the molecule and binds with new substances, altering their original chemical composition. Subject a cannabis growing area to ozone, and it can eradicate bacteria, fungus, mould, spores, terpenes (only evaporated molecules), and just about anything biological that could cause a marijuana plant any harm.
Ozone generators replicate and produce the triatomic O₃ with a simple flick of a switch, and allow you to pump a grow room full of sterilising molecules. However, ozone can be harmful to humans.
Thankfully, there are ways to mitigate the danger ozone presents, but before we discuss those strategies, let’s take a look at some of the notable benefits O₃ can provide.
OZONE GENERATORS PROVIDE SOME UNIQUE BENEFITS
• The ultimate disinfectant
Ozone molecules are 2.5 times more effective than chlorine at tackling mould, pathogens, fungi and that dreaded bud rot. Not only could you periodically subject a grow room to O₃ as a means of cleansing your cannabis plants and soil, but you could also use ozone to sterilise equipment, and completely reset a growing area between cultivations. No need to spend hours cleaning down pH meters, cutters, screens, fans or anything else you’ve used.
• Prevents the sweet smell of success from escaping
Some of the risks associated with ozone generators can be avoided by placing them on the exhaust pipes of a ventilation system. Especially useful in areas where growing cannabis may not be strictly legal, ozone generators can be safely utilised to capture evaporated terpene molecules. Terpenes are the compounds responsible for giving marijuana its sweet, seductive aroma. If discretion is the name of the game, then consider adding an ozone generator to the exhaust (not the intake). You would not need to worry about the O₃ molecules escaping outdoors; they would be quickly dispersed.
• Breath of new life into your hydroponic setup
Ozonated water is a fantastic way to cleanse a hydroponic system without having to drain it down and spend hours disinfecting everything. Thankfully, pumping ozone into water is much safer than into the air, so some risk is removed. By attaching an air stone to the ozone generator, entire hydroponic systems can be cleansed by the free-roaming ozone molecules, as they will still bind to harmful pathogens in the same way they would in the atmosphere. You could even use the ozone generator during a grow cycle, to purify both the water and root systems at the same time.
DISADVANTAGES OF USING OZONE GENERATORS
• O₃ is dangerous for our lungs
The first and most immediate disadvantage is that ozone is harmful to humans, even at low concentrations. It does disperse quickly, but even so, breathing in too much O₃ can cause coughing, shortness of breath and chest pains. It also exacerbates existing health conditions, like asthma, which could increase the likelihood of infections. Bottom line—you, and any animals do not want to be near an ozone generator when it is on.
• The balance between effective and safe ozone levels is challenging to achieve
Several studies have sought to understand precisely how much ozone (measured in parts per million) is necessary to sterilise an environment effectively. However, what research shows as effective is also well into the realms of immediately dangerous to life or health.
Depending on the health organisation, the recommended maximum exposure to O₃ is 0.5ppm, although some organisations advise not to exceed 0.1ppm. The American Journal of Infection Control published a study into the topic and found that in combination with low levels of humidity, 25ppm of ozone was needed for 20 minutes to be effective at removing bacteria. If you were to replicate those conditions and take a breath, the levels of ozone would be extremely dangerous.
Additional studies have taken place that suggest a lower level of ozone may be enough to eliminate powdery mildew. However, these recommendations are still at the outer limits of what is considered safe for humans.
• Too much ozone can also damage cannabis plants
Even if you could make sure that proper controls were in place to remove the potential harm caused by O₃, too much can also hurt plants. High levels of ozone can inhibit a plant’s ability to produce chlorophyll, an essential part of photosynthesis. The knock on effect is the death of healthy cells, which will inevitably lead to a plants demise. Too much ozone suffocates plants, and bacteria-free or not, dead plants don’t produce buds.
• It’s still an additional cost that can be avoided
It is true that ozone generators have become more affordable, but it is still an additional cost, no matter how small. When you consider that all the benefits provided by ozone can be achieved by having good growing practices, cleaning your equipment by hand, and exercising control of an indoor growing area, only you can decide whether the cost is worth the time-saving.
TIPS FOR OZONE SAFETY
If you do decide to opt for an ozone generator, then there are a few essential safety tips that should be followed.
The first piece of advice is to pick a generator with an output that suits the size of the area you are growing. If you choose an industrial ozone generator to cleanse a small grow room, then ozone levels will be far too high.
Secondly, ventilation is key when it comes to risk management and ozone generators. Hold your breath when you switch the unit on, and until you leave the room. Once the cycle has finished, ensure you ventilate the room well and leave it to air for an additional hour, so that any rogue O₃ molecules can disperse.
Finally, make sure any LED lights are switched off (the UV rays can interact with the O₃ molecules), and everyone in the immediate area knows that an ozone generator is in operation. You don’t want a friend or a family member accidentally wandering into your grow room while the unit is running.
TO OZONE OR NOT TO OZONE?
With both the advantages and disadvantages laid out, the decision of whether to include an ozone generator in your grow room will be specific to your circumstances. For the home grower, the risks and preventative steps needed are unlikely to outweigh the benefits. As the size of the cultivation area increases, and so does the length of time needed to disinfect properly, then ozone generators may start to prove advantageous.
If you do choose to opt for an ozone generator remember the safety tips above and make sure it is bought from a reputable producer.
Click for everything you need to know about using an ozone generator to sterilise a grow room. We explore both benefits and potential dangers.
Ozone has many applications including food and water sterilization and removing odors from the air at the molecular level. Some growers even use high levels of ozone to exterminate grow room pests.
Ozone generators neutralize odors by converting oxygen (02) into ozone (OJ by exposing the stinky air to ultraviolet (UV) light. The extra molecule is always a positively charged ion that is predisposed to attach to a negatively charged ion (cation). Odors are negatively charged cations. When the extra oxygen ion attaches to the cation, they neutralize one another and the odor, too. Once the extra molecule is shed, 0, is converted back into 02. The chemistry takes a minute or longer to occur, so treated air must be held in a chamber to be converted effectively.
Ozone has an unusual odor similar to the smell of the air after a good rain. Anybody who
This grower treats the air with ozone and deodorizes air again just before it is expelled.
Ozone generators are rated by the number of cubic feet (ms) they are able to treat.
has ever smelted the air in a room recently treated with ozone knows the smell and will never forget it. Make sure not to produce too much ozone, and give it enough time to mix with smelly air to neutralize odors. The distinctive odor of excess ozone exiting a building will tip off narcs and thieves. For this reason, many growers also use a carbon filter to further scrub the air.
There are many ozone generators available. When shopping for an ozone generator, look for one that has been on the market for a few years and has an established track record. Watch for important features such as self-cleaning (or easy to clean) and easy, safe bulb replacement. When UV light encounters moisture in the air, nitric acid is produced as a byproduct. This white, powdery nitric acid collects around the lamps at connection points. This is an unpleasant, very corrosive acid that will severely burn skin and eyes. Verify that the ozone generator has proper safety features built in, such as a switch that turns off the lamp for maintenance, making it impossible to look at the retina-searing UV rays. Legal exposure for iiumans is about 0.1 ppm for a maximum of 8 hours. Most grow room ozone generators produce about 0,05 ppm at timed intervals. See below for plant symptoms of ozone overdose.
UV light is very dangerous. In a flash, intense UV light can burn your skin and the retinas in your eyes beyond repair. Never, under any circumstances, look at the UV lamp in an ozone generator. Sneaking a peek at a UV lamp in an ozone generator has cost more than one aspiring grower their eyesight! Ozone is also capable of burning your lungs. At low levels, there is no damage, but at higher levels, danger is imminent. Never, never use too much!
The Air Tiger'”, manufactured by Rambridge, www.rambridge.com, is an excellent value for growers. It is one of the safest available and easy to maintain. A deadman’s switch makes direct eye contact with the 10-inch-tong UV light lube
The Air Tiger is a very popular ozone generator that is designed to lit inside ductwork.
Mixing ozone-treated air for a minute or more allows O, to shed a molecule and become .
impossible. Highly corrosive ozone stays away from interior wiring, and little moisture can penetrate the outer shell to combine with O, to form powdery nitric acid.
Ozone generators are rated by the number of cubic feet (ms) they are able to treat. (To figure cubic feet or meters, multiply the length x width x height of the room). Some growers setup the ozone generator in the grow room and let it treat all the air in the room. They add a timer so the ozone generator intermittently disperses ozone into the room to maintain a relatively constant level, This practice can diminish the fragrance of the bud. Smart growers set up an ozone generator in a spare closet or build an ozone exchange chamber and route fragrant grow room air
Ozone can severely damage foliage. This is what it does to foliage,
Ozone generators are located inside ducting. Crow room air mixes with ozone in ducting and big metal box. Air smells fresh and clean once treated properly with ozone,
A vent-fan duct hooks to each tube, and the air-cleansing agent is imparted before air is evacuated.
Ozone can severely damage foliage. This is what it does to foliage, through the closet for ozone treatment before being evacuated outdoors. Other growers set up the ozone generator in ventilation ductwork to treat air before it exits. Once generated, ozone has a life of about 30 minutes. It takes a minute or two for the 0^ molecules to combine with oxygen to neutralize odors.
Ozone has many applications including food and water sterilization and removing odors from the air at the molecular level. Some growers even use high levels of